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Mental Disorders

Identifying common mental health disorders

The high frequency of mental disorders means that information on mental health disorders is widely available. They are typically grouped into categories such as eating disorders, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, personality disorders, drug abuse disorders and cognitive disorders. One in four adults in the U.S. is diagnosed with a mental disorder every year. About one in 17 adults in the population suffers from serious mental disorders.

Mental Disorders

Information on Mental Disorders

Your doctor is always the best place to start if you are concerned that you or a loved one has a mental health problem. He or she can evaluate the situation and refer you to a specialist if necessary. The Internet is also a source of information on mental disorders, but be cautious of what you find. It's easy to find a long list of mental disorders supplemented by a myriad of information, but remember that a proper diagnosis of mental disorders can only be done by a highly trained mental healthcare provider such as a psychiatrist or psychologist.

Mental Disorders for Children

There are a number of mental disorders that are diagnosed in childhood. Many of these pose a serious challenge to the education and social development a child experiences as he or she matures. Some of these mental disorders are made obvious when children are delayed in the normal benchmarks of crawling, speaking and walking or if they display abnormal or uncontrollable behavior. Most mental disorders in children are believed to arise as a result of a combination of biological factors. Some typical childhood mental disorders include:

  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Conduct disorder
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Tourette's syndrome
  • Learning disorders or disabilities
  • Autism spectrum disorder

Getting Help

Some mental health disorders will accompany an individual throughout their life, while others are the temporary results of the current conditions of a person's life. Doctors and pediatricians are trained to recognize and suggest treatments for a variety of mental disorders. Help can also be found with mental healthcare professionals who are dedicated specifically to supporting positive mental health. A consultation with a doctor or counselor is highly recommended if a mental disorder is suspected. This person may recommend one of a variety of treatments such as drug treatment or therapy either separately or as part of a combined treatment program.

Research has provided many sufferers of mental illness with ways of regaining a more normal and balanced life. Despite this and the high prevalence of mental disorders, many individuals suffer silently from these illnesses when they may not have to. Do not suffer in silence, because you are not alone.

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