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Anal Fissures

Anal fissure symptoms

Anal fissures, (sometimes referred to as anal tears, anal ruptures, or torn rectum) can cause sufferers a lot of pain. Anal fissure symptoms include anal pain and itching, as well as bleeding, which is most often noticed with the use of toilet paper.

The causes of anal fissures typically include large or difficult bowel movements and constipation. The straining involved in these types of bowel movements can create small tears, in the same way it can lead to haemorrhoids. However, over time, anal fissures can become a chronic condition if left untreated. They are most common in middle age, but also frequently occur in infants who have difficulty with bowel movements.

Anal fissure treatment

Anal fissure treatment can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some instances may be treated by an over-the-counter topical cream. However, difficult or chronic cases of anal fissures may require a more serious treatment, such as anal fissure surgery, which may also be called anal fissure repair.

It's important to seek treatment for the condition early, as left untreated, it can end up causing you more pain and trouble than is necessary, and offer an increased risk of suffering chronically.

Anal fissure surgery

Early diagnosis and treatment can usually prevent the need for anal fissure surgery or repair, but some cases, no matter how quick the treatment, will prove more sever and require these types of treatments.

The easiest, most non-invasive treatment for anal fissures is simply prevention. Take efforts to ensure that your bowel movements remain soft and regular. Treat all instances of constipation or diarrhea immediately, in order to avoid creating rectal tears.

A tear will generally heal itself within six to eight weeks. If you notice bleeding or discomfort beyond this time frame, immediately seek medical attention. A less severe case will typically be treated with medicated creams.

If your infant or child is experiencing anal fissures, make sure to talk with your pediatrician. Again, make sure that you're providing your child with a diet that helps to prevent constipation. If your child suffers regularly from constipation, your pediatrician may recommend medication.

If surgery is required, your doctor will probably be able to perform it on an out-patient basis. The surgery is fairly quick and simple, and involves cutting part of the muscle in order to reduce pain.

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