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Anal Fistulas

Repair of anal fistula

Anal fistulas are infected channels leading directly into the anal canal with another opening near the anus. They are typically caused by an infected abscess or haemorrhoid that requires draining. Although not frequently mentioned, anal fistulas are actually quite common, especially in those who suffer chronically from anal abscesses.

Repair of anal fistula varies depending on the location and severity of your particular case. Your doctor will have to work closely with you to determine the best plan of attack. As with all medical conditions, early detection can contribute to a faster and easier healing, so if you notice the common symptoms or if you suffer from anal abscesses, it's important to be in contact with your doctor. However, most cases will require some sort of anal fistula surgery.

Anal fistula symptoms

Anal fistula symptoms are generally most noticeable on the external part of the opening, which will appear near the anus. Typically, the opening will appear as an oozing and inflamed area. You may also find that it produces pus and/or blood. When this is evident, your doctor will attempt to determine the path of the fistula and locate the internal opening, as well. This will make surgical treatment easier and more effective. A scope or a probe, imaging, or ultrasounds are all commonly used in order to fully diagnose anal fistula. Unfortunately, it can be difficult to locate the internal opening, and this may have to be done during your surgery.

Anal fistula treatment

Anal fistula treatment is almost always surgical, although your own treatment will depend on your circumstances and the severity of your fistula. There are several different types of surgical procedures that can be used in your treatment, and you may even require more than one. The most important goal of any anal fistula surgery is to relieve symptoms without affecting the bowel and avoiding further or repeat infection.

Prevention of anal fistula is similar to that of any anal abscess. It's important to keep your bowel movements soft and regular, so you should eat a diet high in fibre and exercise regularly. If you experience constipation or diarrhoea, seek treatment immediately in order to prevent further complications.

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