Dental Implant Post-Op Risks
Risks & Complications Associated with Dental Implants
All operations carry some risks and dentistry procedures are no exception. Dental implant post-operative complications can greatly vary in severity. When considering dental surgery specifically dental implants, it is very important to be aware of your dental implant timeline: consultation visits, date and time of operation, and healing period and process. Even when aware of the dental implant timeline, complications may still arise.
Complications of a dental implant operation may include (but are not limited to):
- Neurosensory Disturbances
- Failed Integration
- Tissue & Nerve Damage
- Sinus Problems
- Damage to Surrounding Structures
Excessive bleeding from the process of implanting or from the implants healing can cause hemorrhaging. This can cause the tongue and floor of the mouth to be displaced and could actually be fatal if left untreated.
Some nerve injuries may be caused by temporary hematomas producing slight increases in pressure in the mouth and implant areas. If you feel any nerve damage has taken place, immediately call your doctor if the problems persist.
At the implant site, infections of the bone and gums are possible. By following proper oral hygiene and post-operative instructions, the risk of infection is greatly reduced. It is imperative to seek treatment from your dentist with the first sign of an infection.
Failed integration is what happens when the implant does not attach (fuse) to the bone properly after surgery. The results of this post-operative complication can be the loosening of the implant and the implant falling out.
Tissue & Nerve Damage
If you experience numbness, tingling, or swelling post-surgery and after the effects of the surgery should have already worn off, chances are that there was some tissue or nerve damage during the operation. This occurs when blood vessels are damaged during the dental implant procedure.
After having a dental implant procedure done to your upper jaw, there is risk of the implant protruding into one of your sinus cavities. A removal procedure would be the option available to you then.
Damage to Surrounding Structures
During the dental implantation damage can occur due to human error, such as incorrect positioning. After the operation, however, the implants can fracture, causing pain and possibly leading to an infection. As mentioned before, damage to the tissue, gums, and blood vessels can occur. Other factors that can contribute to damaging surrounding structures are where other are teeth are near the general vicinity where the implant site is located and proper use of oral care before and after the surgery (to prevent infections).
If you are interested in possibly having dental implant surgery, it would be in your best interest to conduct a bit of research on the procedure and its complications, then weigh the pros and cons before committing to the operation. Never enter into an operation ill-informed. If anything after the operation does not feel normal, always contact your oral surgeon immediately.
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