What is eczema
When first diagnosed, many people ask, "What is eczema?" A common skin disorder found in many people from all over the world, eczema is still not a widely known or understood problem. Basically, eczema is a skin disorder that causes rashes, itchiness, and discomfort. Some people will suffer from eczema throughout their entire lives, and it is considered a chronic and recurring condition. However, some people will suffer from eczema in infant and childhood, growing out of it as time goes by, and some people don't experience their first outbreak of the condition until adulthood. It's such a common condition that you can buy eczema creams over the counter, without a prescription.
Eczema is considered an allergic condition and many sufferers find that they also experience problems with environmental allergies and asthma. It is also considered a genetic condition and typically runs in families with sensitivities to allergens.
Symptoms of eczema
Eczema is pretty easy to spot: it causes redness, rawness, flakiness and itchiness of the skin. More severe cases may even cause blistering of the skin. These blisters may even exhibit some discharge of pus or blood, and can become quite crusty.
Over time, skin may change color or become thick due to extended and frequent scratching. In cases of eczema on the scalp, ear discharge or bleeding may also occur.
As an allergic condition, the symptoms of eczema are often exacerbated by environmental allergens, such as pollen or dust, as well as fragrances, dryness, extreme temperatures, or stress.
Infants and young children typically experience outbreaks on the face and scalp, as well as the hands and feet. Older children and adults will usually find eczema affects their knees and elbows, as well as hands, feet and neck. The worst outbreaks can affect skin all over the body.
Treatments for eczema
Treatments for eczema are usually topical and can be purchased over the counter. Even before an outbreak occurs, eczema can be treated by moisturizing the skin and avoiding scratching. If your child is suffering from eczema, make sure to keep his or her nails trimmed short so that they don't hurt themselves or damage their skin more if they can't resist the urge to itch.
When choosing your eczema treatment, keep the causes of the condition in mind: avoid creams and lotions that are scented or contain dyes or drying agents, such as alcohol. Keep the air in your home humidified in prevent dryness. Also avoid any allergens that may irritate the condition.
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