A hernia can be a very painful experience. It can be described as a weakness or protrusion through muscular tissue or a membrane. The protrusion may be tissue or it may be part of an organ which is usually contained by the membrane. A hernia is typically located in the abdominal or groin area. Hernias are incredibly common; however, they do typically require surgery in order to repair.
There are a variety of hernia symptoms and each person's symptoms may vary depending on the type and location of your hernia. The type and location will also affect the hernia repair solution that is best for you.
A hiatal hernia, also referred to as a hiatus hernia, is located in the upper part of the stomach, which allows the stomach to move into the thorax or chest cavity. It's a result of weakness or a tear in the diaphragm. Symptoms of a hiatal hernia typically include heartburn and acid reflux.
Hiatal hernias come in two different types. The sliding hiatal hernia occurs when part of the stomach is able to slip through the oesophagus, but slips back into place when pressure releases and gravity brings it back down. The fixed hiatal hernia occurs when the stomach is not able to slip back into place.
In some cases, diet can be used to repair a hiatal hernia; however, a fixed hiatal hernia will require surgery. Obesity and smoking are known to contribute to this type of hernia, so you can use healthy lifestyle choices to help prevent the condition.
An inguinal hernia affects the wall of the abdominal muscle and occurs when bowel tissue pushes through into the groin area. This type of hernia may be present at birth, or it may be a result of repetitive strain, such as that caused by regular lifting or pressure. An injury to the abdominal wall may also result in an inguinal hernia.
The symptoms of this type of hernia can range include slight to severe pain, limited mobility, and the inability to complete physical activity. Surgery is the only option to repair an inguinal hernia; however, using caution during physical activity and limiting the amount of lifting or strain you put on your abdominal muscles can help reduce pain or discomfort.
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